The transference of power of attorney from one individual to another isn’t always feasible, but it can be accomplished under a particular set of circumstances.
If you want an individual to act on your behalf when you are unable to do so, you can decide to give POA to a trusted friend, relative or business colleague.
Powers of attorney (POA) are documents in which an individual, referred to as the principal, enables another individual, known as the agent, to act on their behalf in certain situations
Kinds of Powers of Attorney
There are many types of powers of attorney, but the below are the most common.
- Durable power of attorney. The most general type of POA, stays effective should you become incapacitated, thus nullifying the need for your agent to pursue guardianship. If the power of attorney is not durable, it is going to end should you become incapacitated.
- General power of attorney. Having this authorization, an agent can act on behalf of their principal without restriction so long as they do so in sincerity.
- Limited power of attorney. As the name implies, a limited POA gives the agent the right to carry out only a particular transaction, following which the POA might end, subject to the terminology of the document.
- Healthcare power of attorney. Your agent is able to make health-associated decisions on your behalf, should you be incapacitated or debilitated in some way.
- Springing power of attorney. This kind of POA doesn’t go into effect until a particular event happens, like you becoming mentally incapacitated or debilitated by other health matters. In many states, a doctor needs to confirm that you’re debilitated so that the springing POA goes into effect.
Transferring a Power of Attorney
When you are the agent of a POA, you are unable to transfer it to another person, including to a relative like a sister or child. The only one that can transfer a POA is the principal, if they’re competent.
A POA can’t be transferred following the principal passing away.
Powers of attorney end when the principal passes on, at which point the executor of the will takes over management of the estate.
How Can the Principal Transfer the POA
Being the principal, there are a restricted number of ways you can transfer POA. The most effective is to appoint more than one agent in your POA document. Having an attorney get the document ready naming one or more replacement agents a wise when the initial agent is unable to act or steps down, the next individual listed turns into the agent, and so on.
If you’re the principal and have only listed one agent, you can modify your POA by rescinding it in writing and letting the agent know. In a lot of states, revocation also necessitates witnesses, a public notary, or both. Following the original POA being revoked, you then create a new POA document appointing a new agent. You can rescind a POA and make a new one any time you wish, as long as you’re capable of doing so.
Modifying the POA When the Principal Is Incompetent
If the principal is incompetent and the agent has stepped down, is unavailable, or is abusive toward the principal, relatives are required go to court to obtain a guardian, or conservator, for the principal. Then its up to the court to determine if the principal requires a guardian.
Guardianship also becomes effective if an agent has not performed in the best interest of principal’s and, as the principal’s trusted relative or trustworthy friend, you are going to want to revoke the POA. The principal might understand what’s going on, but their current agent might render them helpless. Be prepared to step in as guardian and/or agent when the court is in agreement with you.
The principal can transfer power of attorney in limited cases, so your best option, as principal, is appointing multiple alternative agents in your POA documentation.
DeLoe, R. L. (2022, May 2). Transferring power of attorney. LegalZoom. Retrieved June 7, 2022, from https://www.legalzoom.com/articles/transferring-power-of-attorney
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